"Long before Europeans settled in Australia humans had migrated from the Indian subcontinent to Australia and mixed with Australian Aborigines," says the study by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. A genetic study of more than 300 Aborigines, Indians and people from Papua New Guinea and south-east Asia found a "significant gene flow" from India to Australia about 4230 years ago. It also says the humans from the subcontinent may have brought the dingo with them.
"We also detect a signal indicative of substantial gene flow between the Indian populations and Australia well before European contact ... We estimate this gene flow to have occurred during the Holocene, 4,230 years ago."
The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also says the Indian migrants may have introduced food processing and tool technology to Australia.The finding challenges the long-held assumption that humans arrived in Australia about 40,000 years ago from Africa and remained isolated from other populations until British settlers appeared in the late eighteenth century.